Future implications dissertation

The results of this study clearly showed that there were motivational effects of publishing students' work on the World Wide Web. What is less clear is if the motivational effects were due to a wider audience or the novelty of using computers to publish the students' own work on the ever increasingly popular Internet. In defense of this study, there are far too many researchers who are consistent with one another concerning the theory that the effects are due to a wider audience.

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Dollieslager et al all agreed:. At last students could see a final product for all their efforts. They understood that writing was not just an exercise; it produced a tangible and valuable product. This study only begins to reveal the educational potential--and pitfalls--of research and publishing on the World Wide Web. Some unanswered questions have been exposed in this endeavor such as the connection between cooperation between students and the process of publishing their work. It is reasonable to infer that students would wish their work to be presentable with good content, spelling and grammar if it is to be read by a vast audience; however, what causes students to work cooperatively?

Discussion vs conclusion

This was the first year that the researcher required students to have a science mentor to help guide them through their research, and it has become evident to the researcher that science mentoring is essential to the success of the student in science fair competition. However, to what degree did the mentors influence the students' level of satisfaction in their research?

Besides demonstrating the benefits of publishing students' science fair projects on the World Wide Web, this study also determined specific activities which the students liked--and disliked. Most students enjoyed searching the Internet for sources of information and images to be used for their literature review. They also enjoyed conducting their experiments, using email and creating Web pages. The least enjoyed activity was writing the literature review. Writing a good literature review is essential if a student wishes to advance to regional and state science fairs, yet the students found writing a technical literature review arduous--if not painful!

At the same time, students found using computers to be extremely frustrating when they were not set up correctly thereby impeding their progress. Any teacher who wishes to use computers for publishing--or any educational project--must be certain that there is adequate equipment, that it is working properly and that they are very familiar with all of the software which the students will be using. At the onset of this study, a majority of the students were completely against the idea of doing science research and competing in science fair.

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Most of the students noted in their journals that they thought it was a waste of time and that they did not see the connection between science fair and the physics course. The reluctance to do science research and compete in science fair is peculiar to older students in high school while the researcher has experienced that most middle school students look forward to science fair. This study examined the leadership of Jesus Christ through the lens of Matthew in order to compare his leadership with the constructs of leader—member exchange LMX. Moreover, to discover if there are pastoral leadership implications of LMX on developing leaders for the local church, the study used social rhetorical analysis as its research methodology.

Eight themes and seven leadership principles for the local church and leadership development emerged from the study. He did this while maintaining an egalitarian atmosphere amongst the disciples and fending off the outside influence of the Pharisees. This study created a framework for future studies of small-group development and maintenance within the local church as well as showed how to grow a church through developing believers into disciple leaders.

This quantitative research study explored the concept of organizational change, specifically change fatigue and its impact on the psychological well-being and indicators of trauma among employees. These instruments compiled non-parametric quantitative data and were analyzed utilizing the Spearman Rho correlation analysis. Results from this study determined whether there was a correlation between change fatigue and PTSD within the work environment of non-military and non-first responders. Results gathered from this study support the further research of work-related trauma in relatively traditional work environments.

Multiple intelligence theory presents an overlap of trait and behavioral theory in the discussion of leadership. Gardner pioneered the multiple intelligence theory, including linguistic intelligence, musical intelligence, logic-mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, and intrapersonal intelligence. Although scholars have focused on the differing categories of intelligence, little work has been conducted on using the categories of intelligence in leadership.

To address this gap in the literature, a qualitative instrumental case study was conducted to answer the following research question: How and why are leaders using multiple intelligences in leadership? Based on the literature, the categories of intelligence for the study included linguistic intelligence, logic-mathematical intelligence, emotional intelligence, knowledge intelligence, temporal intelligence, cultural intelligence, and spiritual intelligence. The sample included 3 highly influential leaders of megachurch and para-church ministries who influenced over 2, individuals utilizing purposeful sampling.

Interviews included 1 for the leader, 1 for the follower, and 1 for the leader and follower. To ensure validation and credibility, the analysis employed data saturation through triangulation. The study resulted in all 3 leaders using all 7 intelligences. This dissertation involves expanding the limited literature of personalism within organizational leadership, specifically theistic personalism and its relationship to the organizational leadership theory of followership.


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  • Limitations of this Study.

Researchers of theistic personalism have proposed human beings possess personhood because of the existence of the Supreme Personal being, God. Ira Chaleff proposed the existence of courageous followers possessing five dynamics that included responsibility, service, challenge, participative transformation, and moral action. I investigated the relationship theistic personalism had with followers who practiced the dynamics of personal responsibility. As those of theistic personalism and followership have expressed human ontology and experiences respectively, this dissertation conducted a sociorhetorical analysis of a New Testament sample of Romans to understand ways self-perceptions influenced responsibility.

Analysis indicated followers actualized behaviors of reciprocity for in-group members and actualized behaviors based on interrelatedness for hostile persons. The practices of personhood and responsibility included dedication, mental renewal, humility, truth, and love influenced individual follower responsibility. The followership styles of partner and implementer influenced follower responsibility in presence of challenge.

The themes of acceptance, compassion, and participation entailed themes of personhood and a Supreme Personal God. I recommend organizational leaders communicated value and dignity of followers with consistency to develop space for followers to conduct the reported follower practices. This dissertation aimed to develop a scientifically validated instrument to measure the holistic ethical leadership.

There is a lack of a statistically validated instrument to measure the concept of holistic ethical leadership as a single construct Johnson, ; Scouller, This study operationalized the concept of holistic ethical leadership and provided an accurate and valid instrument for measuring the construct. During the literature review, items characterizing the holistic ethical leadership traits emerged.

DeVellis suggested a minimum of samples for scale development works, and the sample size is far greater than the requirement. The five factors were labeled holistic service, ethical influence, integrated competence, financial stewardship, and healthy life.

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The five factors had high reliability. The HELQ provides scholars and practitioners with a brand new, valid, and reliable instrument for future research and application related to the holistic ethical leadership. Reflecting on the characteristics of leadership, the Bible becomes a rich source that accounts for both the positive and the negative. Keeping this in mind, one area in which most biblical leaders seem to have failed is that of raising effective successors—a challenge that continues up until the present day in both the ecclesial domain and the greater organizational environment.

Few scholars have engaged this challenge from a scriptural point of view. Of these, none have addressed the reference to succession found in Hebrews The narrative setting is that of second-generation church leaders, who are encouraged to follow in the footsteps of the first. What were the key considerations conveyed to them, and what validity does it hold for modern day society?

Consequently, the methodological approach to the study is twofold. First, a firm and credible understanding of the textual reference is gained through sociorhetorical analysis—more specifically, the methods of intertextual criticism and social and cultural criticism. The outcome of the exegetical study is the articulation of six interview questions. Following on the exegetical component, an in-depth qualitative approach has been employed, incorporating elements from both phenomenology and case study, to gain insight into modern-day relationships between Christian leader predecessors and successors.

Triangulation is also utilized that explores the biblical interpretation of the text, correlating and contrasting views of the interviewed participants, and various perspectives amongst the church and other Christian organizational leaders. The results presented not only contribute to the foundation of a Bible-based succession planning model but also open the way for further quantitative research into the phenomenon of leadership succession. This study examined the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on authentic followership due to calls for more research on both constructs.

The control variables for the relationship were gender, the position of the follower, and whether the evaluated leader was a founder or not to investigate the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on authentic followership in Nigeria and the United States. The research question was: Does the perceived entrepreneurial leadership of a leader have any impact on the internalized moral perspective, relational transparency, self-awareness, and psychological ownership components of the authentic followership of employees in Nigeria and United States? The impact of entrepreneurial leadership on authentic followership was analyzed using multiple regression analysis from a sample size of participants Nigeria, United States from a random list of startups, nonprofit, corporate, and educational organizations.

Four hypotheses were presented to test the research question to determine the impact of perceived entrepreneurial leadership on authentic followership in Nigeria and the United States.


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  6. The findings indicated that entrepreneurial leadership impacted authentic followership in both countries in the areas of relational transparency and self-awareness dimensions; however, the relationship was partially accepted in Nigeria when it came to psychological ownership and internalized moral perspective due to differences inposition of the participants. This exploratory study examined the theoretical servant leadership variables of agapao love, humility, altruism, trust, empowerment, and service Patterson, between university students from Nigeria and the United States who evaluated their teachers as servant leaders.

    Simple and multiple regression analyses were used to test the correlations between these seven variables in teachers as servant leaders in both Nigeria and the United States to determine their servant leadership perceptions. A t-test analysis was used to answer the research questions relating to the servant leadership cultures of both Nigeria and the United States.

    Implications of the APA Study

    The results of this study provided a new leadership model for Nigeria and perhaps for other sub-Sahara African countries that have not adopted servant leadership praxis in their organizational leadership. Seven research questions guided this study to answer the organizational leadership cultural differences relative to gender in both Nigeria and the United States.

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    Drawing out implications

    This study highlighted the differences in servant leadership cultures that exit between Nigeria and the United States in the context of Patterson servant leadership theory. Ethical and moral leadership act as the cornerstones to effective organizational dynamics. The purpose of this study was to consider the utilization of restorative justice as written in Isaiah and Matthew Jesus, the foretold and fulfilled Servant, provides a model for modern day servant leaders to not only empower but also to restore people to right relationships with one another, as well as with the communal organization of which they operate.

    Chaleff inferred that when all factors of success are combined, the principles of stability and prosperity can mutually reinforce one another and ensure continued development. Bjugstad, Thach, Thompson, and Morris added that a sound and good governance is considered one of the most crucial components of economic development. To produce political stability and enhance economic growth, productivity, and the development of infrastructure, appropriate metrics and reformative leadership must be identified.

    The patterns for peace will impact on all stakeholders—internal and external organizations—to promote an interest that would directly influence the progress of state institutions and enhance the socioeconomic situation in Nigeria. By this measure, the state functions and the possibility of development in the short and long term can greatly be improved with the effort of authentic leadership to learn how to effectively manage the affairs of the nation of Nigeria and position it for global competitiveness.