Five major parts of an essay

Writing the Summary Essay:. A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it. The following format works well:. Contains a one-sentence thesis statement that sums up the main point of the source. The introduction should not offer your own opinions or evaluation of the text you are summarizing.

Body one or more paragraphs : This paraphrases and condenses the original piece. In your summary, be sure that you:. You can utilize literary tools such as metaphors, similes, personification and descriptive adjectives. Once you have the columns laid out you can start to fill them with details that help to support your thesis.

These should be the most interesting items that you have noted in your columns and will the details that you flesh out into the paragraphs of the body of your essay. Topics are set out in each separate paragraph and a topic sentence begins that paragraph and need to relate to your introductory paragraph and your thesis. The next step is to create an outline listing the details of the discussion of each paragraph. Students in high school are generally asked to write a five paragraph essay while college students are given more freedom with the length of their piece.

The standard five paragraph essay has a particular structure including the introductory paragraph with the inclusion of a thesis statement, followed by three body paragraphs which prove that statement. Finally, the conclusion paragraph makes a summary of the entirety of your essay. This conclusion also needs to reaffirm your thesis if necessary. Your conclusion needs to be well written because it is the final thing to be read by your reader and will remain on their mind the longest after they have read the remainder of your essay.

How to Write an Essay - Basic Essay Structure in 3 Minutes

It is important to take a break from your writing once you have completed the work. By stepping away from the work for a short time you can clear your mind and take a short rest. You can then take a look at the essay with fresh eyes and view it in much the same way that a person reading it will when they first see the piece.

After you have taken a short break or a walk or whatever the case may be , read the entire essay again thinking about your reader. You should ask yourself if you were the reader, would the essay make sense to you?

How to Write an Essay in 5 Steps

Is it easy to read so that anyone can understand what the topic of the essay is? Do any of the paragraphs need to be rewritten because they are confusing and need to be better written to be descriptive? Your choice of words and language need to convey what you are trying to describe when you talk about a particular topic. The details that you have provided should give your reader enough information that they can form a complete picture.

For the rest of this chapter, the term paragraph will also imply section. The introduction should state the topic of your paper: your thesis statement as well as brief signposts of what information the rest of the paper will include. That is, you only want to mention the content of the body paragraphs; you do not want to go in to a lot of detail and repeat what will be in the rest of the essay. The first body section or paragraph should focus on one of your main points and provide evidence to support that point.

There should be two to three supporting points: reasons, facts, statistics, quotations, examples, or a mix of these. Both the second and third body sections should follow the same pattern. Providing three body sections with one point each that supports the thesis should provide the reader with enough detail to be convinced of your argument or fully understand the concept you are explaining. However, remember that some sections will require more explanation, and you may need to separate this information into multiple paragraphs.

You can order your sections in the most logical way to explain your ideas.

The Basics of Effective Essay Writing

For example, if you are describing a process, you may use chronological order to show the definite time order in which the steps need to happen. You will learn about the different ways to organize your body paragraphs in the next chapter. The concluding paragraph , or conclusion, can be a little tricky to compose because you need to make sure you give a concise summary of the body paragraphs, but you must be careful not to simply repeat what you have already written.

Do not include any new points in your concluding paragraph. Later in this chapter, you will work on determining and adapting to your audience when writing, but with an expository essay, since you are defining or informing your audience on a certain topic, you need to evaluate how much your audience knows about that topic aside from having general common knowledge. You want to make sure you are giving thorough, comprehensive, and clear explanations on the topic. For example, even though some of your instructors may teach criminology, they may have specialized in different areas from the one about which you are writing; they most likely have a strong understanding of the concepts but may not recall all the small details on the topic.

If your instructor specialized in crime mapping and data analysis for example, he or she may not have a strong recollection of specific criminological theories related to other areas of study. Providing enough background information without being too detailed is a fine balance, but you always want to ensure you have no gaps in the information, so your reader will not have to guess your intention. Again, we will practise this more in Section 4. In the next eight sections 4. These are:.

As you read about these modes, keep in mind that the rhetorical mode a writer chooses depends on his or her purpose for writing. Sometimes writers incorporate a variety of modes in any one essay. In this chapter, we also emphasize the rhetorical modes as a set of tools that will allow you greater flexibility and effectiveness in communicating with your audience and expressing your ideas. In a few weeks, you will need to submit your first essay—an expository sample—and you will be given the choice of topic: one from each of the modes.

Think about which types of expository essays are easier and which are more challenging for you. As mentioned, as you progress through your studies, you will be exposed to each of these types. You may want to explore a mode you find more challenging than the others in order to ensure you have a full grasp on developing each type. However, it is up to you.


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As you work through the sections, think about possible topics you may like to cover in your expository essay and start brainstorming as you work through the self-practice exercises. After we explore each of the individual modes in the eight sections that follow, we will look at outlining and drafting; it is at this point you will want to fine tune and narrow the topic you will write about, so you can focus on that when doing the exercises. A narrative can be factual or fictional.

Incorporate these five important ingredients into your formal essays

Biographies and memoirs are examples of factual stories; novels and short stories are examples of fictional stories. Because the line between fact and fiction can often blur, it is helpful to understand what your purpose is from the beginning. Or does your interest lie in reshaping the world in your own image—either how you would like to see it or how you imagine it could be? Your answers will go a long way in shaping the stories you tell.

What Is an Expository Essay?

Ultimately, whether the story is fact or fiction, narrative writing tries to relay a series of events in an emotionally engaging way. You want your audience to be moved by your story, which could mean through humour, sympathy, fear, anger, and so on. The more clearly you tell your story, the more emotionally engaged your audience is likely to be. On a sheet of paper, start brainstorming ideas for writing a narrative.


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First, decide whether you want to write a factual or fictional story. Then, freewrite for five minutes. Be sure to use all five minutes and keep writing the entire time. Do not stop and think about what to write. Take your free writing and start crafting it chronologically into a rough plot summary. Collaboration : P lease share with a classmate and compare your rough plot summar ies. What feedback or other ideas can you suggest to your partner? Stories typically have a beginning, a middle, and an end, and these events are typically organized by time.

Using transitional words and phrases help to keep the reader oriented in the sequencing of a story. Table 4. The events as they unfold in sequence. The people who inhabit the story and move it forward. Typically, there are minor characters and main characters. The minor characters generally play supporting roles to the main character, or the protagonist.

The primary problem or obstacle that unfolds in the plot that the protagonist must solve or overcome by the end of the narrative. The way in which the protagonist resolves the conflict of the plot results in the theme of the narrative. The ultimate message the narrative is trying to express; it can be either explicit or implicit. When interviewing candidates for jobs, employers often ask about conflicts or problems a potential employee has had to overcome.


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They are asking for a compelling personal narrative. To prepare for this question in a job interview, write out a scenario using the narrative mode. This will allow you to troubleshoot rough spots as well as better understand your own personal history. It will make both your story your presentation of it better. When writing a narrative essay, start by asking yourself if you want to write a factual or fictional story.

Then freewrite about topics that are of general interest to you.

The 5 Parts of an Essay Made Easy

Once you have a general idea of what you will be writing about, sketch out the major events of the story that will compose your plot. Typically, these events will be revealed chronologically and climax at a central conflict that must be resolved by the end of the story. The use of strong details is crucial as you describe the events and characters in your narrative.

You want the reader to emotionally engage with the world that you create in writing. To create strong details, keep the human senses in mind. You want your reader to be immersed in the world that you create, so focus on details related to sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch as you describe people, places, and events in your narrative.